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Table 1 Few reports related to F¯ sensing using alizarin, alizarin red S, its derivative, etc.

From: Fabrication of In(III)-alizarin red S complex trap for efficient detection of fluoride ion in aqueous environs

Sensor Sensing method Limit of detection (LOD) (mM) Detection Range (mM) References
1,2-dihydroxyanthra-quinone (alizarin) Fluorimetric method Trace level 0–0.084 Hirai and François (2014)
Aluminum quinalizarin complex Spectrophotometric method 0.005 0–0.105 Barghouthi and Amereih (2017)
Al(III)-alizarin red S complex Absorption and emission spectroscopic method 0.005 0.005–0.3 Sathish et al. (2007)
Zr(IV)-Alizarin red S complex Absorption spectroscopic method 0.003 0.005–0.526 Cardwell et al. (1988)
Cerium-alizarin complexone Colorimetric method 0.037–0.063 Sen et al. (1998)
La(III)-alizarin fluorine blue complex Spectrophotometric method 0.004 0.010–0.063 Leon-Gonzalez et al. (1985)
Thorium-alizarin red S chelate Spectrophotometric method 0–0.789 Yasuda and Lambert (1958)
La3+-alizarin complexone Reverse phase HPLC 2 × 10–4 5 × 10–5 to 0.008 Xu et al. (2004)
Alizarin–o-aminomethylphenyl-boronic acid Fluorescence spectroscopy Kubo et al. (2006)
La(III)-alizarin fluorine blue S complex Spectrophotometric method 0–0.013 Leonard and Murray (1974)
Ce(III)-alizarin complexone Electrochemical method 9 × 10–4 8 × 10–5 to 5 × 10–3 Guanghan et al. (1991)
La-alizarin complexone ICP-OES 6 × 10–4 0–0.003 Miyazaki and Bansho (1987)
La(III)-alizarin complexone Voltammetric method 4.8 × 10–6 to 1 × 10–4 Jin et al. (1990)
Alizarin complexone/layered double hydroxide ultrathin film Colorimetric method 0.012 0.003–0.024 Jia et al. (2013)