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Table 1 Mean and standard deviation (n = 3) of organic acids in the leaves of plants collected from catchment areas of the river Beas

From: Analysis of organic acids of tricarboxylic acid cycle in plants using GC-MS, and system modeling

Plant species Family CA (mg/g dw) SA (mg/g dw) FmA (mg/g dw) MA (mg/g dw) Total acids (mg/g dw)
Ranunculus sceleratus L. Ranunculaceae 5.78 ± 0.017 0.88 ± 0.002 0.59 ± 0.006 12.3 ± 0.28 19.61
Argemone mexicana L. Papaveraceae 4.04 ± 0.006 1.27 ± 0.013 0.73 ± 0.007 7.66 ± 0.17 13.70
Fumaria parviflora Lam. Papaveraceae 3.55 ± 0.024 0.86 ± 0.002 0.44 ± 0.0002 6.19 ± 0.56 11.04
Oxalis corniculata L. Oxalidaceae 3.85 ± 0.026 0.95 ± 0.010 0.43 ± 0.001 6.20 ± 0.42 11.43
Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae 5.77 ± 0.055 0.95 ± 0.009 0.48 ± 0.003 4.95 ± 0.30 12.16
Erigeron bonariensis L. Asteraceae 4.32 ± 0.072 0.98 ± 0.007 0.50 ± 0.006 6.90 ± 0.21 12.69
Parthenium hysterophorus L. Asteraceae 4.41 ± 0.042 1.01 ± 0.018 0.51 ± 0.004 9.52 ± 0.56 15.46
Chenopodium album L. Amaranthaceae 6.42 ± 0.067 0.94 ± 0.001 0.57 ± 0.008 6.47 ± 0.02 14.40
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. Amaranthaceae 4.61 ± 0.053 1.01 ± 0.009 0.57 ± 0.009 8.20 ± 2.11 14.39
Polygonum barbatum L. Polygonaceae 4.55 ± 0.057 1.02 ± 0.033 0.58 ± 0.009 5.16 ± 0.45 11.31
Polygonum plebeium R.Br. Polygonaceae 4.28 ± 0.122 0.94 ± 0.014 0.61 ± 0.010 5.41 ± 0.47 11.24
Rumex dentatus L. Polygonaceae 6.25 ± 0.145 0.95 ± 0.004 0.55 ± 0.002 18.0 ± 1.22 25.82
Tamarix dioica Roxb. ex Roth Tamaricaceae 5.10 ± 0.089 1.10 ± 0.013 0.70 ± 0.010 8.18 ± 0.41 15.07
Cannabis sativa L. Cannabaceae 5.15 ± 0.060 0.97 ± 0.016 0.47 ± 0.008 14.61 ± 0.56 21.20
Typha angustata Chamb. Typhaceae 3.81 ± 0.035 0.96 ± 0.022 0.44 ± 0.002 5.68 ± 0.25 10.89
Average   4.792 0.986 0.544 8.362  
  1. CA citric acid, SA succinic acid, FmA fumaric acid, MA malic acid